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Carmen Krahe, M.Sc.

Research Associate
department: Production Systems
office hours: to be agreed
room: 109, Geb. 50.36
phone: +49 1523 9502591
Carmen KraheCfo4∂kit edu

76131 Karlsruhe
Kaiserstraße 12

Carmen Krahe, M.Sc.

Area of Research:

  • Production Planning and Control
  • Machine Learning
  • Production control of flexible production systems
  • Industry 4.0


General Tasks:

  • Coordination of lecture Integrated production planning in the age of I4.0 (IPP)
    • Systematics of factory planning
    • Target setting
    • Detailed planning: Production planning and control
  • Coordination of Tutorials for IPP



  • AIAx
  • Innovation Center SAP – Development of an AI-based multi-agent production control for matrix production


Curriculum Vitae:

since 11/2018 Research Associate at the Institute of Production Science (wbk) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
10/2011 - 10/2018 Study of Industrial Engineering at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
05/04/1993 Born in Karlsruhe



[ 1 ] Hofmann, C.; Brakemeier, N.; Krahe, C.; Stricker, N. & Lanza, G. (2018), "The Impact of Routing and Operation Flexibility on the Performance of Matrix Production Compared to a Production line". Advances in Production Research, eds. Schmitt, R. & Schuh, G., pp. 155-165.
An increasing number of product variants and a decrease in demand certainty challenge manufacturing companies. Lean, flow-oriented production lines are best-practice to assure efficient production in a predictable environment. However, with the increase in complexity and uncertainty, more flexible production systems such as matrix production currently receive much attention. Having neither a common takt time nor a rigid linkage, they offer new degrees of freedom regarding process order and machine choice. This paper contributes to answering the question under which conditions a matrix production is favourable compared to a production line. To answer this question, the effects of MTTF and MTTR as driving factor to choose a matrix production over a production line are analysed. Regarding the material flow in the matrix, the benefits of routing flexibility and operation flexibility concerning throughput time, tardiness and output of the matrix production are evaluated. The results show that a rule based approach has its limits especially regarding the exploitation of operation flexibility. For low levels of routing flexibility, the rule based approach tends to generate sup-optimal solutions due to a lack of coordination between the agents.

[ 2 ] Greinacher, S.; Overbeck, L.; Kuhnle, A.; Krahe, C. & Lanza, G. (2020), "Multi-objective optimization of lean and resource efficient manufacturing systems", Production Engineering, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11740-019-00945-9
In the manufacturing industry, target-oriented and efficient use of resources is gaining importance, alongside economic optimization. The economic and organizational optimization of manufacturing systems according to the lean principles is only partly compatible with the goals of resource-efficient manufacturing. Therefore, an approach is sought to improve individual analyses of manufacturing systems. This paper proposes an approach for the multi-objective optimization of lean and resource-efficient manufacturing systems. To predict the dynamic effects of several configurations of manufacturing systems, material, energy, and information flows of a discrete event simulation are coupled with an assessment model, based on objectives of lean and resource-efficient manufacturing. Using design of experiments, Gaussian process meta-models are computed for the behavior of the simulation model. These meta-models allow the approximation of the system behavior to be computed in a short period of time and enable extensive multi-objective optimization and more adequate decision-making support systems. The proposed approach is tested in the metalworking industry.